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Aerospace Instrument-Making

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EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM OF THE AIRCRAFT
О.В. Skudneva

The article shows the assignment of exchange rate systems, which are the basis of Autonomous navigation of passenger and transport aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles. Exchange rate system with the sensors of the attitude indicator to determine the spatial orientation of the aircraft (LA) and are along with sensors such as speed, altitude, and a radio communication network a part of obligatory equipment which must operate in the aircraft from takeoff to landing, ensuring safety requirements. Issued exchange rate system options – gyromagnetic, gyrofrequency and true heading – provide navigation LA. Brief characteristics of the Earth’s magnetic field, considered the formation of the gyromagnetic rate based on the measurement of the two horizontal components of Earth’s magnetic field and interaction with high-precision gyro direction in all flight conditions. Given the structural and functional scheme of the modern exchange rate system «Gyromagnetic compass GMK swift». The work channel of the magnetic heading channel of formation of the magnetic correction devices magnetic and horizontal KORREKCII, and channel formation pyropolymer rate used in this course system. The technical data course system GMK swift. The article is intended for the development of manuals for training of students with the work of the real exchange rate systems and can also be useful to developers and maintainers of navigation and flight equipment of the aircraft.
Keywords and their abbreviated name: the Earth’s magnetic field – EMF; the exchange rate system – KS; gyromagnetic course – MMC; gyrofrequency course – code of civil procedure; the true rate – IR; magnetic declination –MS; magnetic declination Adjuster – ZMS; a remote pulse width of the correction – PSHK; unmanned aerial vehicle – UAV.


DOI: 10.25791/aviakosmos.03.2019.537

Contacts: E-mail: chykchyk@yandex.ru

Pp. 03-14.

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